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Hakodate International Marine Bio Symposium Declaration
Hakodate International Marine Bio Symposium 2010
: Summing up and drawing conclusions
On November 16, 2010, the Hakodate International Marine Bio Symposium 2010 was held in Hakodate City. China, South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan gave keynote reports about each country’s present situation and future prospects for growing and harvesting marine resources, and for creating highly functional food resources. This paper summarizes the panel session that was held on those keynote reports, and the conclusions that emerged from the symposium as a whole.
Summary of the keynote reports and panel session
This symposium focused on research and development concerned with sustainable production in East Asia of marine resources that contain highly functional substances. China, South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan reported on their present efforts and discussed future prospects.
Professor Zhang from China reported on the present situation and future prospects for growing and harvesting marine resources in China; Professor Shin from South Korea reported the situation and prospects for increasing and farming beds of large seaweed along the coast of South Korea; Professor Chiang from Taiwan reported research and development in the area of highly functional food originating from marine products; and Professor Cho from South Korea reported the efforts in Gangneung City toward producing Korean marine bioproducts. As for the Marine Bio Cluster program that is being conducted in Hakodate, leaders representing each of its four basic themes presented an account of their activities.
In order to proceed with marine resource research and development in East Asia, cooperation among different areas is indispensable. It has become obvious, however, that in each country, cooperation with other areas in research activities has not really gone beyond the short term interactions among researchers and accepting foreign students.
Hakodate International Marine Bio Symposium 2010 leaflet
※Click the above image, open the PDF file.
In East Asia, interactive research activities that are aimed at growing and harvesting marine resources have not gone far enough; more joint efforts are needed to preserve resources for the future, and more weight should be put on joint research activities. Sharing of basic research techniques is necessary; technology transfer should be standard practice. Conservation going hand in hand with the use of sustainable marine resources must be the rule worldwide. A step toward that goal would be an effort, with the Hakodate project as a basis, to create an overall plan for marine resources conservation in East Asia.
For the purpose of future cooperation among different areas regarding such plans, it is important that each other's unique climate and diversity be respected. The future will likely bring further globalization. Environment and ecology, however, differ considerably from place to place; as a precondition to cooperation among different areas, it is indispensable for there to be widespread recognition of the various climates and diversity of each of those areas. Preparing a better future for both the environment and its biota requires cooperation among different areas.
There is no almighty trump card to solve problems among different nations. Globalization doesn't have to mean that a single area extends its control to other areas, to Asia, or even to the rest of the world, and overwhelms the market. A genuinely global approach would be the development of one area while valuing the climate and diversity of each of the other areas. In today's world, an incident that occurs in one country of this region will immediately influence surrounding countries or the whole of Asia; there are so many reasons why there can be no such thing as unilateralism.
Key words needed to align basic research with innovative industrialization include: "changes while holding on to the basics," "social structuring with the future generations in mind," "eliminating the idea that only my way is the right way," "state-sponsored assistance," and "relationships based on trust between people."
As far as the sustainable production of marine resources and the creation of highly functional food resources in East Asia are concerned, this symposium made it clear that it is important to have interaction among the different areas, and that each country's climate and diversity need to be respected. Also, it was confirmed that the Hakodate project could become the core of a plan to promote the marine products industry in East Asia.
Conclusions of the symposium as a whole
The Hakodate Marine Bio Cluster program groups industrial activities under the primary marine resources industry. It aims at clustering activities so as to organically combine the following objectives: (1) prediction of the marine environment, (2) sustainable acquisition of resources, (3) creation of high nutritional function, and (4) assurance of safety and security in food.
With regard to people, property, industries, and culture, this project is grounded as much as possible in the conditions of a given local area; in its planning, global development is an outgrowth of interaction with other areas.
As for a framework that supports sustainable local industries, it is important to build a system that pays attention to the diversity of the ocean and permits sustainable production and use of local marine resources; it is important that the clusters be organized with the participation and co-ordination of local residents.
This international symposium, through the efforts made by the Hakodate Marine Bio Cluster program, confirmed the importance of recognizing that only industrial growth that pays attention to the diversity and unique characteristics of each country and area deserves to be the basis of a given area's development. It also affirmed that interaction among areas must be maintained during efforts toward the sustainable growth of marine resources and the creation of highly functional food resources in East Asia.
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